Fisheries Extension

DEPARTMENT DETAILS:

The Department of Fisheries Extension was established during September 1989 with following objectives.

  1. To undertake teaching for undergraduate and postgraduate fisheries science students.
  2. To undertake research in marine fisheries extension and aquaculture extension.
  3. To assess and improve fishermen’s safety  measures at sea
  4. To alleviate poverty of rural and fisherfolk through technology development
  5. To develop new fisheries extension tools for effective technology transfer
  6. To establish Fish Farmer’s Hostel, Distance Education Cell and Communication Centre

1. 1. Post sanctioned for the Department of Fisheries Extension (Code No. 35009) (or) sanctioned staff strength

Associate Professor and Head - 1

Assistant Professor – 4

Present staff position

No. Name of the post Name of the staff
1  Professor & Head Dr. M. Nagoor Meeran
2 Professor (CA)      (3)* Dr. N.V. Sujathkumar, Dr. R. Santhakumar, Dr.K. Veerabhadran
*Shown against the post of 3 Assistant Professors

II.    TEACHING Courses offered so far (upto 2005) Teaching Manuals

B.F.Sc Courses

No. Course No. Course Title Credit Hours
1. FEX. 311 Fisheries Extension and Rural Sociology 2+1
2. FEX. 322 Fisheries Development Organisation 2+1
3. FEX. 411 Extension Teaching Methods and Communication 2+1
4. VSP. 422 Village Stay Programme 0+20
5. FBI. 421 Intensive Training Programme 0+28
6. FEL. 111 Structural and Spoken English 1+1
7. FSC. 111 Computer Science 1+1
8. TAM.111 Tamil 1 + 1
9. TAM.111 Basic Tamil 1 + 1
10. TOU. 401 All India Study Tour 0 + 2

The following Courses are currently offered (2006 – 2009)

No. Course No. Course Title Credit Hours
11. FEX.312 Fisheries Administration and Legislation 2 + 0
12. FEX.411 Extension Teaching Methods and Communication 2 + 2
13. FEX.412 Rural Awareness Work Experience (RAWE) 0 + 20
14. FEX.111 Information and Communication Technology 1+1
15. FEX.111 Communication Skills 1+1
16. TAM. 111 Basic Tamil 1+1
17. TAM, 112 Tamil 1+1

M.F. Sc (Fisheries Extension) courses

The M.F.Sc degree course in Fisheries Extension will be commenced during the year 2002-2003 and the following courses are being offered.

Sl. No Course No. Title of the Course Credit  Hours
Core Courses
1. FEX. 601 Instructional  technology in extension education 2+1
2. FEX. 602 Group dynamics, leadership and social change 2+1
3. FEX. 603 Extension programme building and evaluation 1+1
4. FEX. 604 Diffusion, adoption of innovations and decision making 2+1
5. FEX. 605 Development communication 2+1
6. FEX. 606 Human resources development and man power planning in fisheries 2+1
7. FEX. 607 Methods and designing in social research 2+1
8. FEX. 608 Aquaculture and marine fisheries extension 1+1
9. FEX. 609 Management information system 1+1
Total credit hours 15+9
a) Optional (any two courses)
10. FEX. 610 Advanced techniques in audio visual – system 1+1
11. FEX. 611 Organisational communication 1+1
12. FEX. 612 Computer application in fisheries extension 1+1
3+3

III. RESEARCH :

Number and details of projects operated :

  • A comparative sociological analysis of the levels and pattern of employment and       income of fishing and agricultural households (University Research Project    – 1989 – 1994)
  • Attitude of fishing families towards family welfare programmes in Thoothukudi district (University Research Project   – 1990 –1994).
  • Production maximisation in FFDA’s tank based fishery in Tirunlevei and kanyakumari  districts through fish farmers participation (1992-2002)
  • Training needs of fishermen in Thoothukudi district (University Research Project – 1993-1996).
  • Adoption behaviour of fish farmers in Thoothukudi and Tirunelveli districts (University Research Project – 1993-1996)
  • Effect of non-hormonal substance on the growth and maturation of gold fish- funded by the Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology.
  • Development and popularisation of lobster trap fishing in Tamil Nadu. Sponsored by Government of Tamil Nadu.
  • Participation of fisherwomen in decision making on fisheries activities (University Research Project).
  • Impact of fisheries technologies on the economic empowerment of fisherwomen – Student Project for the year 2001-2002 (Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology, Chennai
  • Perception of problems in small-scale fishing – Student Project for the year 2001-2002 (Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology, Chennai
  • TRYSEM Scheme -  69 lakh – 3 years projects – 720 (240 each) in kk, Tirunelveli & Thoothukudi (1992-1995)

Salient features of the research work

The outcome of the interaction between the faculty and the trainees at various levels and a study of the problems encountered in organising the training programmes and in the follow up activities helped to evolve the following strategies to provide gainful employment opportunities through improved or new training programmes tailored for the fisherfolk and rural folk:

  • Trainees aged between 25 and 40 with minimum of a high school education may be preferred for training.
  • Greater seriousness is imparted to the training programmes, if the trainees are made aware of their role in the development of the rural sector.
  • Trained women extension officers / workers should be preferred for providing extension service to fisherwomen and rural women.
  • Financial support by governmental and non-governmental organisations should be made easily available. However, the loan amount should be disbursed only as and when it is required for the purchase, as otherwise it is liable to be misused, especially by other members of the family.
  • Since the fishery products are not very popular in the local and national market, an appropriate marketing strategy should be evolved to popularise these products.
  • A cell to help fisherwomen and rural women in their entrepreneurial development may set up in each village or at least in each district.
  • Above all, the members of the family must extend their full cooperation of their family members trained in the fisheries enterprise.

Ongoing research projects/ schemes:

Sl. No. Title of the Scheme Sponsoring Agency Period Amount (Rs.) Principal Investigator
1 Employment generation for rural Self Help Groups women through training on freshwater Ornamental fish culture Dept. of Biotechnology, New Delhi 2007-2010 13,41,000 Dr. R. SaanthakumarAssoc. Prof.
2 Development of technologies for hatchery production of marine ornamental fishes at Gulf of Mannar Islands – Sea ranching and technology transfer to coastal communities Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology, Government of India Ministry of Earth Sciences, Kochi 2007-2012 58,02,000 Dr. N.V. SujathkumarAssoc. Prof.
3 Training programme on Freshwater ornamental fish culture and preparation of value added fishery products Sterlite Copper Industries (I) Limited, Thoothukudi 2010 2,00,000 Dr. M. Nagoor MeeranAssoc. Prof. & Head

DBT Scheme – Employment Generation For Rural Self Help Group Women Through

Training On Freshwater Ornamental Fish Culture (Sc-39022)

A total of 456 rural women Self Help Group members of  from four blocks of Thoothukudi  district were trained on freshwater ornamental fish culture for creating self employment opportunities. Breeding and culture methods of ornamental fishes were demonstrated. A total of 17 women Self Help Group members established cottage level adoption of ornamental fish culture & retail shop for generating additional income.

Summary of Ongoing research project – Development of technologies for hatchery production of marine ornamental fishes at Gulf of Mannar Islands – Sea ranching and technology transfer to coastal communities

The marine ornamental fish, Amphiprion sebae and Pomacentrus caeruleus have been successfully bred under captive condition in the Meritech Research Centre, Tharuvaikulam of Fisheries College and Research Institute. The algae, Tetragelmis, Nanochloropsis and Chaetoceros were given as feed thrice in a day for the young ones. From 3 day onwards rotifer was given. After 10th day, the remaining larvae were provided with newly hatched Artemia nauplli. The captive breeding of marine ornamental fishes of the families, Acanthuridae, Labridae, Chaetodontidae, Pseudochromidae and Syngnathidae will be undertaken in the subsequent years. Studies on the effect of water temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, etc., will be carried out to increase the survival rate of the adult and juvenile fishes. Survey work will be carried out to find out the suitable places for sea-ranching the various forms of juveniles. Works related to captive breeding of marine ornamental fishes will be done in the subsequent years of the project. Training programme will be conducted   in order to disseminate the technology to the coastal and needy people. Awareness programme will also be conducted in the Gulf of Mannar region so as to conserve the precious resources of marine ornamental fishes and its associated organisms.

Project submitted

IV. EXTENSION

1 Number of training programmes organised : 154
2 Number of training classes handled : 108
3 Number of extension articles published : 200
4 Specific number of extension articles published in Kalnadai Kathir : 10 + 5
56 Number of extension booklets / pamphlets published        Training manuals :: 1347
7 Number of All India Radio programmes given : 44
8 Number of Manual/Books published : 13
9 Number of TV Programmes given : 10
10 Number of farmers ‘ queries answered : 1675
11 Number of awareness programmes organised/attended : 5
12 Number of audio cassettes prepared : 2

13   Exhibition conducted                                           :   43

14    Farmers meet organised                                    :     3

14. CD/DVD produced                                               :    10

No. Title Year of production Price per copy (Rs.)
1 Preparation of fish pickle – Video CD in Tamil 2005 125
2 Preparation of fish pickle – DVD in Tamil 2005 200
3 Composite fish culture – Video CD in Tamil 2005 125
4 Composite fish culture – DVD in Tamil 2005 200
5 Preparation of fish pickle – Video CD in English 2005 125
6 Preparation of fish pickle – DVD in English 2005 200
7 Composite fish culture – Video CD in English 2005 125
8 Composite fish culture – DVD in English 2006 200
9 Preparation of masala flavoured dry fish  – Video CD in Tamil 2006 125
10 Preparation of masala flavoured dry fish  – DVD in Tamil 2006 200
11 Service of Fisheries College to the People of Komputhurai- DVD 2009 200

V. TRAINING UNDERGONE

a Overseas training : 3
b Domestic training : 23

VI. FACILITIES AVAILABLE IN THE DEPARTMENT

  1. Audio Recording Studio
  2. Video editing room
  3. Audio-visual Hall
  4. Computer Laboratory

Establishment of a Communication centre

To disseminate and popularise the technologies developed in different aspects of fisheries, a communication centre has to be created with facilities such as mini press, educational media centre, fisheries entrepreneurship unit and publication division.  This facility will also take care of research and extension needs and publication of materials such as fisheries newsletter, fisheries journal, pamphlets, folders, etc.

A Mobile audio-visual for aquaculture farms and coastal villages

In order to popularise the fisheries technologies among fish farmers and fisherfolk, audio-video cassettes relating to various aspects of fisheries produced have to be screened in fishing villages and aquaculture sites.  For this venture, a mobile audio-visual unit is required to carry out the extension activities all over state.

Construction of Fish Farmers Hostel

VII.  FUTURE PROGRAMME OF THE DEPARTMENT oF FISHERIES EXTENSION

a) Teaching

  • It is planned to start Ph.D., degree programme in fisheries extension.
  • Multimedia programmes will be developed to strengthen the fisheries extension courses.
  • A module on distance education will be developed for implementation in the Fisheries College and Research Institute.
  • Technical linkages will be sort out with the schools offering vocational education in fisheries science.

b) Research

  • The ongoing research projects will be continued.
  • New research projects will be proposed in the areas like creation of mass awareness, transfer of technology on value added fishery products, conservation of marine resources, etc.

c) Extension

The Department is planning to produce video lessons and programmes exclusively on fisheries on commercial basis for the benefit of fishing communities in the State of Tamil Nadu as well as for other states of the nation. It also planned to telecast fisheries programmes through the University Grant Commission (UGC), Doordarshan and private televisions channels. In addition to this, more radio talks and television programmes has also been envisaged.

Training Programmes

  1. Training on the preparation of value added fishery products
  2. Training on ornamental fish culture
  3. Training on modern methods of fishing
  4. Training on freshwater carp and prawn farming

Awareness Programme – On-campus

  1. Navigational signals
  2. FADs (Fish Aggregating Devices)
  3. Hygienic handling of fishery products for export trade
  4. Lobster trap

Mass Contact Programmes -   Off-campus

  1. Integrated fish farming
  2. Freshwater prawn farming
  3. Hygienic handling of fishes
  4. Murrel   farming
  5. Cat fish farming
  6. Shrimp farming

Workshop

  1. Alternative employment opportunities and empowerment of coastal fisherfolk.
  2. Aquaclinics and aquabusiness centres for the unemployed fisheries graduates and final year students.

d. Establishment of a Fisheries Training Centre (FTC)

A full-fledged Fisheries Training Centre (FTC) has to be created in a suitable locality of Tamil Nadu to impart training programmes in different aspects of aquaculture, fish processing and fisheries environment, etc.

IX.  OTHERS

List of administrative/ institutional works attended

  • Dr. G. M. Nagoor Meeran, Associate Professor and Head serving as course coordinator for MFSc degree programme.
  • Dr. N.V.  Sujathkumar, Associate Professor serving as In-charge of the Sales Counter of the Fisheries College and Research Institute and TANUVAS Coordinator
  • Dr. R. Santhakumar, Associate Professor serving as Coordinator for IV BFSc Students.
  • Dr. K. Veerabhadran, Deputy Warden, Boys Hostel serving as student’s counsellor for the Batch 1990-94, 1995-99 and 2001- 2002.
  • Dr. K.Veerabhadran served as students’ coordinator for the batch 2002 – 2006.
  • Mrs. G. Arul Oli, Assistant Professor – serving as Students Counsellor for 2009-2010 batch and also Technical officer to the Director of Research and Extension (Fisheries).

Faculty

Dr. R.Santhakumar, Professor and Head

Dr.K. Veerabhadran, Professor

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