The Department of Fisheries Extension was established during September 1989 with following objectives.
- To undertake teaching for undergraduate and postgraduate fisheries science students.
- To undertake research in marine fisheries extension and aquaculture extension.
- To assess and improve fishermen’s safety measures at sea
- To alleviate poverty of rural and fisherfolk through technology development
- To develop new fisheries extension tools for effective technology transfer
- To establish Fish Farmer’s Hostel, Distance Education Cell and Communication Centre
1. 1. Post sanctioned for the Department of Fisheries Extension (Code No. 35009) (or) sanctioned staff strength
Associate Professor and Head - 1
Assistant Professor – 4
Present staff position
|No.||Name of the post||Name of the staff|
|1||Professor & Head||Dr. M. Nagoor Meeran|
|2||Professor (CA) (3)*||Dr. N.V. Sujathkumar, Dr. R. Santhakumar, Dr.K. Veerabhadran|
|*Shown against the post of 3 Assistant Professors|
II. TEACHING Courses offered so far (upto 2005) Teaching Manuals
|No.||Course No.||Course Title||Credit Hours|
|1.||FEX. 311||Fisheries Extension and Rural Sociology||2+1|
|2.||FEX. 322||Fisheries Development Organisation||2+1|
|3.||FEX. 411||Extension Teaching Methods and Communication||2+1|
|4.||VSP. 422||Village Stay Programme||0+20|
|5.||FBI. 421||Intensive Training Programme||0+28|
|6.||FEL. 111||Structural and Spoken English||1+1|
|7.||FSC. 111||Computer Science||1+1|
|8.||TAM.111||Tamil||1 + 1|
|9.||TAM.111||Basic Tamil||1 + 1|
|10.||TOU. 401||All India Study Tour||0 + 2|
The following Courses are currently offered (2006 – 2009)
|No.||Course No.||Course Title||Credit Hours|
|11.||FEX.312||Fisheries Administration and Legislation||2 + 0|
|12.||FEX.411||Extension Teaching Methods and Communication||2 + 2|
|13.||FEX.412||Rural Awareness Work Experience (RAWE)||0 + 20|
|14.||FEX.111||Information and Communication Technology||1+1|
|16.||TAM. 111||Basic Tamil||1+1|
M.F. Sc (Fisheries Extension) courses
The M.F.Sc degree course in Fisheries Extension will be commenced during the year 2002-2003 and the following courses are being offered.
|Sl. No||Course No.||Title of the Course||Credit Hours|
|1.||FEX. 601||Instructional technology in extension education||2+1|
|2.||FEX. 602||Group dynamics, leadership and social change||2+1|
|3.||FEX. 603||Extension programme building and evaluation||1+1|
|4.||FEX. 604||Diffusion, adoption of innovations and decision making||2+1|
|5.||FEX. 605||Development communication||2+1|
|6.||FEX. 606||Human resources development and man power planning in fisheries||2+1|
|7.||FEX. 607||Methods and designing in social research||2+1|
|8.||FEX. 608||Aquaculture and marine fisheries extension||1+1|
|9.||FEX. 609||Management information system||1+1|
|Total credit hours||15+9|
|a) Optional (any two courses)|
|10.||FEX. 610||Advanced techniques in audio visual – system||1+1|
|11.||FEX. 611||Organisational communication||1+1|
|12.||FEX. 612||Computer application in fisheries extension||1+1|
III. RESEARCH :
Number and details of projects operated :
- A comparative sociological analysis of the levels and pattern of employment and income of fishing and agricultural households (University Research Project – 1989 – 1994)
- Attitude of fishing families towards family welfare programmes in Thoothukudi district (University Research Project – 1990 –1994).
- Production maximisation in FFDA’s tank based fishery in Tirunlevei and kanyakumari districts through fish farmers participation (1992-2002)
- Training needs of fishermen in Thoothukudi district (University Research Project – 1993-1996).
- Adoption behaviour of fish farmers in Thoothukudi and Tirunelveli districts (University Research Project – 1993-1996)
- Effect of non-hormonal substance on the growth and maturation of gold fish- funded by the Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology.
- Development and popularisation of lobster trap fishing in Tamil Nadu. Sponsored by Government of Tamil Nadu.
- Participation of fisherwomen in decision making on fisheries activities (University Research Project).
- Impact of fisheries technologies on the economic empowerment of fisherwomen – Student Project for the year 2001-2002 (Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology, Chennai
- Perception of problems in small-scale fishing – Student Project for the year 2001-2002 (Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology, Chennai
- TRYSEM Scheme - 69 lakh – 3 years projects – 720 (240 each) in kk, Tirunelveli & Thoothukudi (1992-1995)
Salient features of the research work
The outcome of the interaction between the faculty and the trainees at various levels and a study of the problems encountered in organising the training programmes and in the follow up activities helped to evolve the following strategies to provide gainful employment opportunities through improved or new training programmes tailored for the fisherfolk and rural folk:
- Trainees aged between 25 and 40 with minimum of a high school education may be preferred for training.
- Greater seriousness is imparted to the training programmes, if the trainees are made aware of their role in the development of the rural sector.
- Trained women extension officers / workers should be preferred for providing extension service to fisherwomen and rural women.
- Financial support by governmental and non-governmental organisations should be made easily available. However, the loan amount should be disbursed only as and when it is required for the purchase, as otherwise it is liable to be misused, especially by other members of the family.
- Since the fishery products are not very popular in the local and national market, an appropriate marketing strategy should be evolved to popularise these products.
- A cell to help fisherwomen and rural women in their entrepreneurial development may set up in each village or at least in each district.
- Above all, the members of the family must extend their full cooperation of their family members trained in the fisheries enterprise.
Ongoing research projects/ schemes:
|Sl. No.||Title of the Scheme||Sponsoring Agency||Period||Amount (Rs.)||Principal Investigator|
|1||Employment generation for rural Self Help Groups women through training on freshwater Ornamental fish culture||Dept. of Biotechnology, New Delhi||2007-2010||13,41,000||Dr. R. SaanthakumarAssoc. Prof.|
|2||Development of technologies for hatchery production of marine ornamental fishes at Gulf of Mannar Islands – Sea ranching and technology transfer to coastal communities||Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology, Government of India Ministry of Earth Sciences, Kochi||2007-2012||58,02,000||Dr. N.V. SujathkumarAssoc. Prof.|
|3||Training programme on Freshwater ornamental fish culture and preparation of value added fishery products||Sterlite Copper Industries (I) Limited, Thoothukudi||2010||2,00,000||Dr. M. Nagoor MeeranAssoc. Prof. & Head|
DBT Scheme – Employment Generation For Rural Self Help Group Women Through
Training On Freshwater Ornamental Fish Culture (Sc-39022)
A total of 456 rural women Self Help Group members of from four blocks of Thoothukudi district were trained on freshwater ornamental fish culture for creating self employment opportunities. Breeding and culture methods of ornamental fishes were demonstrated. A total of 17 women Self Help Group members established cottage level adoption of ornamental fish culture & retail shop for generating additional income.
Summary of Ongoing research project – Development of technologies for hatchery production of marine ornamental fishes at Gulf of Mannar Islands – Sea ranching and technology transfer to coastal communities
The marine ornamental fish, Amphiprion sebae and Pomacentrus caeruleus have been successfully bred under captive condition in the Meritech Research Centre, Tharuvaikulam of Fisheries College and Research Institute. The algae, Tetragelmis, Nanochloropsis and Chaetoceros were given as feed thrice in a day for the young ones. From 3 day onwards rotifer was given. After 10th day, the remaining larvae were provided with newly hatched Artemia nauplli. The captive breeding of marine ornamental fishes of the families, Acanthuridae, Labridae, Chaetodontidae, Pseudochromidae and Syngnathidae will be undertaken in the subsequent years. Studies on the effect of water temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, etc., will be carried out to increase the survival rate of the adult and juvenile fishes. Survey work will be carried out to find out the suitable places for sea-ranching the various forms of juveniles. Works related to captive breeding of marine ornamental fishes will be done in the subsequent years of the project. Training programme will be conducted in order to disseminate the technology to the coastal and needy people. Awareness programme will also be conducted in the Gulf of Mannar region so as to conserve the precious resources of marine ornamental fishes and its associated organisms.
|1||Number of training programmes organised||:||154|
|2||Number of training classes handled||:||108|
|3||Number of extension articles published||:||200|
|4||Specific number of extension articles published in Kalnadai Kathir||:||10 + 5|
|56||Number of extension booklets / pamphlets published Training manuals||::||1347|
|7||Number of All India Radio programmes given||:||44|
|8||Number of Manual/Books published||:||13|
|9||Number of TV Programmes given||:||10|
|10||Number of farmers ‘ queries answered||:||1675|
|11||Number of awareness programmes organised/attended||:||5|
|12||Number of audio cassettes prepared||:||2|
13 Exhibition conducted : 43
14 Farmers meet organised : 3
14. CD/DVD produced : 10
|No.||Title||Year of production||Price per copy (Rs.)|
|1||Preparation of fish pickle – Video CD in Tamil||2005||125|
|2||Preparation of fish pickle – DVD in Tamil||2005||200|
|3||Composite fish culture – Video CD in Tamil||2005||125|
|4||Composite fish culture – DVD in Tamil||2005||200|
|5||Preparation of fish pickle – Video CD in English||2005||125|
|6||Preparation of fish pickle – DVD in English||2005||200|
|7||Composite fish culture – Video CD in English||2005||125|
|8||Composite fish culture – DVD in English||2006||200|
|9||Preparation of masala flavoured dry fish – Video CD in Tamil||2006||125|
|10||Preparation of masala flavoured dry fish – DVD in Tamil||2006||200|
|11||Service of Fisheries College to the People of Komputhurai- DVD||2009||200|
V. TRAINING UNDERGONE
VI. FACILITIES AVAILABLE IN THE DEPARTMENT
- Audio Recording Studio
- Video editing room
- Audio-visual Hall
- Computer Laboratory
Establishment of a Communication centre
To disseminate and popularise the technologies developed in different aspects of fisheries, a communication centre has to be created with facilities such as mini press, educational media centre, fisheries entrepreneurship unit and publication division. This facility will also take care of research and extension needs and publication of materials such as fisheries newsletter, fisheries journal, pamphlets, folders, etc.
A Mobile audio-visual for aquaculture farms and coastal villages
In order to popularise the fisheries technologies among fish farmers and fisherfolk, audio-video cassettes relating to various aspects of fisheries produced have to be screened in fishing villages and aquaculture sites. For this venture, a mobile audio-visual unit is required to carry out the extension activities all over state.
Construction of Fish Farmers Hostel
VII. FUTURE PROGRAMME OF THE DEPARTMENT oF FISHERIES EXTENSION
- It is planned to start Ph.D., degree programme in fisheries extension.
- Multimedia programmes will be developed to strengthen the fisheries extension courses.
- A module on distance education will be developed for implementation in the Fisheries College and Research Institute.
- Technical linkages will be sort out with the schools offering vocational education in fisheries science.
- The ongoing research projects will be continued.
- New research projects will be proposed in the areas like creation of mass awareness, transfer of technology on value added fishery products, conservation of marine resources, etc.
The Department is planning to produce video lessons and programmes exclusively on fisheries on commercial basis for the benefit of fishing communities in the State of Tamil Nadu as well as for other states of the nation. It also planned to telecast fisheries programmes through the University Grant Commission (UGC), Doordarshan and private televisions channels. In addition to this, more radio talks and television programmes has also been envisaged.
- Training on the preparation of value added fishery products
- Training on ornamental fish culture
- Training on modern methods of fishing
- Training on freshwater carp and prawn farming
Awareness Programme – On-campus
- Navigational signals
- FADs (Fish Aggregating Devices)
- Hygienic handling of fishery products for export trade
- Lobster trap
Mass Contact Programmes - Off-campus
- Integrated fish farming
- Freshwater prawn farming
- Hygienic handling of fishes
- Murrel farming
- Cat fish farming
- Shrimp farming
- Alternative employment opportunities and empowerment of coastal fisherfolk.
- Aquaclinics and aquabusiness centres for the unemployed fisheries graduates and final year students.
d. Establishment of a Fisheries Training Centre (FTC)
A full-fledged Fisheries Training Centre (FTC) has to be created in a suitable locality of Tamil Nadu to impart training programmes in different aspects of aquaculture, fish processing and fisheries environment, etc.
List of administrative/ institutional works attended
- Dr. G. M. Nagoor Meeran, Associate Professor and Head serving as course coordinator for MFSc degree programme.
- Dr. N.V. Sujathkumar, Associate Professor serving as In-charge of the Sales Counter of the Fisheries College and Research Institute and TANUVAS Coordinator
- Dr. R. Santhakumar, Associate Professor serving as Coordinator for IV BFSc Students.
- Dr. K. Veerabhadran, Deputy Warden, Boys Hostel serving as student’s counsellor for the Batch 1990-94, 1995-99 and 2001- 2002.
- Dr. K.Veerabhadran served as students’ coordinator for the batch 2002 – 2006.
- Mrs. G. Arul Oli, Assistant Professor – serving as Students Counsellor for 2009-2010 batch and also Technical officer to the Director of Research and Extension (Fisheries).